Below is a list of the largest Gold Reserves by country, as of April 2013. The largest holders of gold are central banks, international organizations and governments. The United States has the largest Gold Reserves in the world. Germany and China hold the largest Gold Reserves in Europe and Asia, respectively.

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Rank Country Gold (Tonnes) 4/2013 Gold's share of FX reserves (%), 4/2013 Gold (Tonnes) 1/2012 Gold's share of FX reserves (%), 1/2012
1 United States 8,133.5 75.1% 8,133.5 76.90%
2 Germany 3,391.3 72.1% 3,396.3 74.20%
3 IMF (International Monetary Fund) 2,814.0 N.A. 2,814.1 N.A.
4 Italy 2,451.8 71.3% 2,451.8 73.90%
5 France 2,435.4 69.5% 2,435.4 73.70%
6 China 1,054.1 1.60% 1,054.1 1.80%
7 Switzerland 1,040.1 10.0% 1,040.1 16.80%
8 Russia 976.9 9.50% 873.6 9.60%
9 Japan 765.2 3.10% 765.2 3.30%
10 Netherlands 612.5 58.7% 612.5 63.00%
11 India 557.7 9.60% 557.7 10.00%
12 ECB (European Central Bank) 502.1 32.3% 502.1 34.80%
13 Taiwan 423.6 5.40% 422.4 6.10%
14 Portugal 382.5 89.6% 382.5 89.80%
15 Turkey 375.7 15.6% 179.1 10.60%
16 Venezuela 365.8 65.4% 372.9 71.10%
17 Saudi Arabia 322.9 2.40% 322.9 3.30%
18 United Kingdom 310.3 15.2% 310.3 18.00%
19 Lebanon 286.8 28.1% 286.8 32.50%
20 Spain 281.6 28.2% 281.6 35.50%
21 Austria 280.0 54.7% 280.0 58.30%
22 Belgium 227.5 39.1% 227.5 41.80%
23 Philippines 192.7 11.6% 143.3 10.60%
24 Algeria 173.6 4.40% 173.6 5.10%
25 Thailand 152.4 4.30% 152.0 4.80%
26 Singapore 127.4 2.50% 127.4 3.00%
27 Sweden 125.7 9.70% 125.7 13.90%
28 South Africa 125.1 12.6% 125.0 14.00%
29 Mexico 124.3 3.70% 106.2 4.00%
30 Kazakhstan 121.7 23.3% 73.6 12.80%
31 Libya 116.6 4.90% 143.8 N.A.
32 Bank for International Settlements 116.0 N.A. 119.0 N.A.
33 Greece 111.9 82.0% 111.6 83.00%
34 Korea 104.4 1.60% 54.4 0.70%
35 Romania 103.7 11.0% 103.7 12.10%
36 Poland 102.9 4.90% 102.9 5.80%
37 Australia 79.9 9.10% 79.9 10.00%
38 Kuwait 79.0 11.1% 79.0 14.30%
39 Indonesia 75.9 3.70% 73.1 3.60%
40 Egypt 75.6 24.9% 75.6 16.80%
41 Brazil 67.2 0.90% 33.6 0.5%
42 Denmark 66.5 3.90% 66.5 4.00%
43 Pakistan 64.4 25.4% 64.4 19.50%
44 Argentina 61.7 7.60% 54.7 6.70%
45 Belarus 51.8 28.8% 39.6 25.00%
46 Finland 49.1 23.4% 49.1 25.30%
47 Bolivia 42.3 15.5% 49.3 22.50%
48 Bulgaria 39.9 11.2% 39.9 12.60%
49 WAEMU* 36.5 13.3% 36.5 13.10%
50 Malaysia 36.4 1.30% 36.4 1.50%
51 Ukraine 36.1 7.50% 27.9 4.8%
52 Peru 34.7 2.60% 37.7 4.00%
53 Slovakia 31.8 65.3% 31.8 68.3%
54 Iraq 29.8 2.40% 5.9 0.6%
55 Ecuador 26.3 31.9% 26.3 36.0%
56 Syria 25.8 7.30% 25.8 8.0%

Source: World Gold Council, Updated 23 April 2013.  *West African Economic Monetary Union including the central bank.

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